Agriculture department, like many other departments, was split into two sectors, viz. State and district with the formation of the Zilla Parishads. Schemes such as town compost, sugarcane development, cotton extension, taluka seed farms, experimental and research farms, soil conservation and gram sevak training centre have been retained under the State sector while those such as kharif and rabi campaigns, paddy pilot-schemes, horticultural development, construction of taluka godowns, and compressor blasting and tractor ploughing, rural compost, fertilizer distribution, plant protection and appliances on 50 per cent, subsidy, green manuring, intensive cultivation of food crops and pulses, distribution and stocking of seed, vegetable cultivation and distribution of cement, iron and steel have been transferred to the Zilla Parishad.

The department in the State sector is headed by the Director of Agriculture, Maharashtra State, Poona. The activities falling in the State sector at the district level are controlled and supervised by the Superintending Agricultural Officer, Bombay Division, Nasik.

The Parishad Agricultural Development Officer is placed in charge of the schemes falling within the sphere of the district sector. He is immediately responsible to the Chief Executive Officer of the Zilla Parishad, and also works as the Secretary to the Agriculture Committee of the Zilla Parishad. He is assisted in his work by District Agricultural Officer and Campaign Officer and other necessary staff.

A brief account of the schemes falling under the Zilla Parishad is given in chapter 14.

The following is a brief description of the schemes in the State Sector: -


Soil conservation activities in the district are in charge of the Divisional Soil Conservation Officer, Dhulia. He is assisted in his work by five Sub-Divisional Soil Conservation Officers and other necessary saff.

Soil Conservation.

Due to soil conservation activities in the district, the yields have increased from 15 to 20 per cent. At the same time the area under cultivation has also increased and additional cultivable land is made available due to nalla bunding. The castor plantation has been undertaken on the bunds. Improved seed of castor is distributed free of cost to the farmers.

Taluka Seed Multiplication Farms.

There are nine Taluka Seed Multiplication Farms in the district, located at Pimpri, Kalambu, Nampur, Taloda, Sindkheda, Sakri, Shirpur, Akkalkuwa and Dhadgaon. The object of the scheme is to produce seeds of improved strains of different crops for further distribution to the cultivators so as to cover areas under major food crops under improved seeds. These farms are under the charge of Agricultural Supervisors or Agricultural Assistants.

Agricultural Collage.

For the provision of agricultural education and training in advanced agricultural practices an Agricultural College was started in Dhulia in 1961. The Agricultural College farm covers an area of 182.109 hectares (450 acres) which is divided into eight blocks. Each block is managed by one Agricultural Assistant. The kharif and rabi crops are taken by rotation on the College farm. In addition to this a separate horticultural section is instituted covering about 40 acres of land under different orchards.

Compost Development Scheme.

There are 21 urban centres in the district which produce town compost. The work is looked after by the Compost Inspector. Under the technical guidance of this department, the municipalities and grampanchayats do the work of compost making with a view to increase the production of organic manures.

The target and achievement in the production of compost from 1961-62 to 1964-65 were as under-


Target (in tons)

Achievements (in tons)