The Indian people had to pay a heavy price for winning their independence. It was the division of the country into India and Pakistan. India was declared a republic in 1950. The Indian provinces were reorganised in 1956 when the district of West Khandes formed part of the bilingual State of Bombay. In 1960 the State of Maharastra came into existence. Subsequently on 21st October 1960, the West Khande's district was renamed as Dhulia district with Dhulia as its headquarters. The district has made great strides after independence during the last twenty years. The old lethargy of the common man and his pessimistic attitude which were more the result of an alien rule are disappearing. In their place could be found a politically conscious citizen eager to achieve his own cultural, material and moral development and in-fused with a spirit of self-help and self-sacrifice. There is a greater desire in the individual to contribute to the development of the society of which he forms a part. This could he seen in the greater participation of the people in the social, political, cultural and economic activities that arc conducted and assisted by the State. There are more educational and cultural institutions in the district today than in tire past. The number of boys and girls undergoing education has gone up considerably during the period after independence. If the number of libraries, and cultural institutions, the growth of socio-economic and cultural activities and the number of peondence reading newspapers both published inside and outside the district, are any indications of the progress made by the people, then the district of Dhulia could not be said to be behind the advanced districts of the State of Maharastra. With its gradual industrialization and a relegation of the agroeconomic complex, the district, with its rich historical background, can look forward to a bright and better future in the developing State of Maharastra.