Cotton processing and oil extraction were the only organised industries in the district at the end of the 19th century. The economic boom generated during the World War I, World War II and the post-war period gave an impetus to the growth of a number of industries, such as, cotton ginning and pressing, cotton textiles, oil crushing, auto workshops, dal milk, bidi making, gul manufacturing, stone crushing and tanning. Most of the industrial development was, however, based on the availability of agro-industrial raw materials. The agriculture based raw materials, such as, cotton, groundnut, cotton seed, pulses, etc., have a large production in this district.

Though Dhulia district cannot be rated as advanced industrially, incidental to the planning schemes, the government has been encouraging the development of small-scale industries in the district. The State Government prepared a Master Plan for Industrialisation in 1960, and accordingly industries are given enough encouragement. The Small Industries Service Institute, Bombay provides technical assistance to small factories on such matters as the preparation of industrial schemes, factory plans, testing of raw materials, demonstration of modern machines, training, dissemination of economic information and industrial intelligence. The Maharashtra Industrial Develop-ment Corporation, and the Maharashtra Small Scale Industries Corporation, both undertakings of the Maharashtra government, are doing a pioneering work in the expansion of small scale industries. The State Financial Corporation and the National Small Industries Corporation also give financial assistance on liberalised terms for the purposes of factory sites, worksheds, machinery and working capital. The industrial estate at Dhulia is another noteworthy achievement in the industrial field. It has enabled small industrial undertakings to get the benefits of common service, and facilities of location, power supply, transport and water supply.

The Master Plan for Industrialisation of Bombay State, prepared in 1960. made valuable recommendations regarding the development of industries in Dhulia district. The Master Plan has recommended the establishment of a plant for solvent extraction of oil-cake to recover residual oil contents, in the district. It is also visualised that Dhulia would be a suitable place for locating a factory for extraction of cotton seed oil. As cotton seed is available in abundance in the district ' a composite unit for recovering linters, decorticating seeds for expression or extraction of oil and refining will be desirable.

Some of the agricultural and forest resources in this area are sufficient to support economic units of small industries. Besides establishment of large-scale industries would stimulate setting up of small-scale ancillary units...........In the West Khandesh district about 31.00 acres arc under sugarcane. It should be possible, there-fore, to take up production of Khandsari at a suitable place, preferably in the Sakri and Shahada talukas.'

In view of the availability of good timber and railway transport facilities, Nawapur and Nandurbar are considered suitable for locating wood seasoning and preservation industry in this district.