COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ALL THREE GROUPS
As regards the size of the family, it was found that the family in this third group was slightly bigger than the first two groups. In the families in all the groups there were two earners. The average income of a family in the first group was about Rs. 9,000, of a family in the second it was about Rs. 2,800 and of a family in the third it was about Rs. 900 per year.
The families in the first group spent about 23 per cent of their
total expenditure on the purchase of food items as against 38 per cent
by the families in the second group and 45 per cent by the families
in the third group. The average expenditure on clothing shows
a decline as we move from the first to the third group. This may be
attributed to the seasonal and costly apparels that a family in the
first group would purchase as against the absolutely necessary
purchases by the families in the third group. The families in the,
second group were found to possess sufficient sets of dresses and even
a few spares to be worn on ceremonial occasions. In housing condition a marked difference was witnessed between the first group and
the third group. The houses of the families in the first group were
either spacious wadas or good apartments with more than three
rooms, well ventilated and well furnished. In contrast to this, the
families in the third group were staying in huts with hardly a bare
space to live in comfortably. These huts were neither ventilated nor
furnished. In case of the families in the second group it was noticed,
that they were staying in well ventilated apartments, many a time
two room tenements partially furnished.
In respect of education it was found that the children in the first
and the second groups were generally imparted higher and better
education. The children in the third group received education upto
primary level and higher levels in a few cases only.