The medical and public health administration in the district is under the dual control of the State Government as also of the Zilla Parishad. In the State sector it is divided into two sections namely medical organisation and the public health organisation. The medical organisation of the State is headed by the Surgeon General to the Government of Maharashtra with headquarters at Bombay while the public health organisation is headed by the Director of Public Health with headquarters at Poona. The administration in the district sector is headed by Health Officer of the Zilla Parishad who also acts as the Secretary to the Health Committee of the Zilla Parishad. Though he is responsible to the Chief Executive Officer of the Zilla Parishad advice of the Surgeon General and the Director of Public Health prevails. The epidemic medical officer assists the public health officer to take preventive as well, as curative measures during epidemic and rest of the days.

There are 4 divisional sanitary inspectors at Chandrapur, Rajura, Brahmapuri and Sironcha. The divisional sanitary inspector is responsible for health matters pertaining to the whole of the tahsil. He works in consultation with the medical officer in charge of primary health centre and renders additional help when required during the incidence of epidemics.

There is a sanitary squad working under every divisional sanitary inspector assisted by the necessary staff.

The General Hospital, Chandrapur and other main hospitals in the district are under the management of the Government in the State sector and it is the responsibility of the Civil Surgeon to see that the affairs of the General Hospital at Chanda are managed efficiently. He is assisted in his work by Assistant Surgeons and other necessary staff. The Civil Surgeon is also responsible for the maintenance of the health standards in the district and is the principal adviser to the Collector of the district in this behalf.