The principal natural resources of economic significance in Chandrapur district comprise agricultural land, forests, minerals and agro-industrial raw materials. Agricultural land covering a net cultivated area [The gross cropped area which covers the net cultivated area as well as area sown more than once was 1,683,677 acres in 1962-63.] of 1,546,265 acres (in 1962-63) is by far the most important of the economic resources in the district. Besides the net cultivated area, there is a vast area of land which is classified as cultivable waste (227,351 acres in 1962-63) and current fallows (45,924 acres in 1962-63). The cultivable land is classified into various categories, such as, kali, kanher, barasi, morand, kharadi, varadi, baradi and pandhari. The rich fertile black soil {kali) is found in the Wardha valley comprising the western half of Warora and Chanda tahsils and the whole of Rajura tahsil. This deep black soil is moisture retentive, and highly suitable for rabi crops, such as wheat and jowar. The kanher soil is loamy and clay in formation and is quite fertile. This type of soil is suitable for almost all crops grown in the district, and is brought under double cropping. It is mainly found in the Wainganga valley and some parts of the Wardha valley. The morand type of soil which is sandy in texture and grey in colour is found all over the district, and is suitable for kharif as well as rabi crops, viz., jowar, paddy, sesame, gram, etc. The kharadi, varadi and baradi types of soil are inferior and poor in fertility.