BANKING TRADE AND COMMERCE

EXPORTS.

At the time the old District Gazetteer of Chanda was published. the exports from Chandrapur district mainly consisted of purely agricultural produce and foodgrains were the chief commodities taken in Nagpur from the Northern portions of the district. Trade in good cloth was carried on on a small-scale between Nagbhir and Umrer and a little kosa was sent from the eastern side of the Wainganga to Nagpur and Chandrapur by either of the two main roads. Since the bulk of this trade was by road, it was not registered. The net income from octroi of the Municipalities at Chandrapur and Warora in 1906-07 was Rs. 24,820 and Rs. 14,058 respectively. According to Mr. Hemingway the average total export per year from 1894 to 1901 was 17,15,309 maunds, grain and cotton [A Large portion of this cotton was comming from Berar.] contributing 29,563 and 11,786 maunds, respectively.

The principal exports by rail were coal, oilseeds, cotton, pulses and hides. Of these the coal traffic represented Government enterprise. The exports of raw cotton amounted to 1,09,000 maunds, valued at about Rs. 21 lakhs. Oilseeds also figured prominently in the export. The principal oilseeds were linseed and til which averaged 1,85,000 maunds (Rs. 8.26 lakhs) and 1.28.000 maunds (Rs. 5.92 lakhs), respectively. Other exported oilseeds were castor, rape and mustard seed mostly going to Bombay. Other exports included mainly rice, pohe, bagar (unnusked rice) and a little or wheat from Brahmapuri. forest produce (mainly timber) and manufactured articles (mainly cloth) were also sent out of Chandrapur. Among minor exports bamboo tatties, shoes, leather ropes, wooden cart-wheels (Chimur), rengis (Brahmapuri, Armori. and Chandrapur) were the important articles. They, however, formed a very small share of the total volume of the export.

After Independence the pattern as well as the volume of export trade of the district has undergone considerable changes. The improvement in transport and communications has led to an increase in the volume of trade. A larger variety could also be seen in the quantity of articles exported. The principal exports now comprise coal, oilseeds, cotton, rice, hides, forest produce like timber, bamboos, Tendu leaves, lac. gum, kosa, myrobalans, Virginia tobacco, iron ore, paper, etc. Teak and shisham wood from the forests of the district are very famous. Allapalli teak wood is well-known and as regards quantity is considered next to Burma teak. Special Virginia tobacco from Asaralli and Ankisa is exported to foreign countries. Most of the goods are exported to Nagpur and other districts of Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.

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