The office of the talathi (village accountant) used generally to be held by hereditary Kulkarnis. From 1914 onwards hereditary Kulkarnis were allowed, subject to certain conditions, to commute the right of service attached to the Kulkarni watan. In the Ahmadnagar district almost all the Kulkarni watans were commuted and stipendiary talathis were substituted. With effect from 1st May 1951. all Kulkarni watans along with the right of service were abolished by the Bombay Paragana and Kulkarni Watans Abolition Act (LX of 1950). If the villages are small, one talathi is appointed for two or more villages, which are called his charge or saza. The talathi receives a monthly salary. His main duties are:-

(i) to maintain the village accounts relating to demand, collection and arrears of land revenue, etc., the record of rights and all other village forms prescribed by the Government; (ii) to inspect crops and boundary marks and prepare agricultural statistics and levy lists; and (iii) to help the patil in the collection of land revenue, write the combined day and receipt books and other accounts and do other clerical work, including that of the police patil when the latter is illiterate.

Their services were transferred to the Zilla Parishad and they were termed as the Assistant Gram Sevaks with the coming into existence of the Zilla Parishads in 1962. However, their services have again recently been transferred to the State Government.